Does Trump Want to Buy Greenland? Denmark Isn’t Selling

Christian Wienberg and Morten Buttler

(Bloomberg) -- President Donald Trump wants to buy Greenland, the world’s biggest island. Denmark, unsure whether the former real estate developer is joking, isn’t selling.

The U.S. president’s interest in a deal, confirmed by people familiar with the matter, left Danes bewildered, with a former prime minister asking if it was a joke. A member of the ruling political bloc in Denmark, which helps run Greenland as an autonomous territory, called it a “terrible idea.”

Trump has repeatedly expressed interest in a purchase and even asked his White House counsel to explore the idea, according to the people. While the island’s 830,000 square miles (2.2 million square kilometers) are mostly icy wilderness, Greenland is also home to Thule Air Base, the U.S. armed forces’ northernmost installation.

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— Lars Løkke Rasmussen (@larsloekke) August 15, 2019

QuickTake: Can Trump Buy Greenland? What to Know Besides ‘No’

Trump’s suggestion “must be an April Fool’s Day joke” out of season, tweeted Lars Lokke Rasmussen, who was prime minister until June and now heads the opposition in Denmark. In the U.S., there were mixed reactions. Republican Representative Mike Gallagher said the U.S. “has a compelling strategic interest in Greenland, and this should absolutely be on the table.” Representative Steve Cohen, a Democrat, said the idea might work as a “cryonic memorial.”

The president’s interest, first reported by the Wall Street Journal, comes ahead of his first formal visit to Denmark tentatively set for Sept. 2-3, when he’ll meet with Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen and attend a state dinner hosted by Queen Margrethe II. Greenland will be a focus of the meetings. The U.S. presence there hasn’t always been in the news for the right reasons: In 1968, a B-52 bomber carrying nuclear weapons crashed near the Thule base in northwestern Greenland, causing radioactive contamination.

In a statement headlined “Greenland Isn’t for Sale,” Christian Juhl, a member of the Red-Green Alliance that’s part of Denmark’s government bloc, had a counter-proposal: “Trump can instead offer to pay rent for the Thule base, which until now has been made available to the U.S. for free.”

Frederiksen, who became prime minister after her Social Democratic party won the June election, will make a first official visit to Greenland next week for talks with the island’s premier, Kim Kielsen. While Greenland is self-administered, defense and foreign affairs remain under Danish governance. The island has its own representation in Washington and Brussels.

More than 80% of Greenland is covered in ice. It’s become a focal point of climate studies because the island’s glaciers are melting at a record pace. Greenland’s population of 56,000 is concentrated on the coasts.

It’s unclear how Trump would go about acquiring the Danish territory.

Aki-Matilda Høegh-Dam, one of two members in the Danish parliament representing Greenland, made the point that “Denmark doesn’t own Greenland in any way, and you can’t sell something you do not own.”

Adjunct professor Rasmus Leander Nielsen of Greenland University told local media that Denmark can’t sell the island, because the home-rule law of 2009 “clearly states that Greenlanders are their own people.”

If Greenland were to gain independence, it could theoretically choose to forge a relationship with the U.S. Advocates of severing the Danish tie have touted 2021, the 300th anniversary of colonization, as a possible leave date. One argument in favor of independence has been that Greenland should have a closer association with North America, to which it is geographically nearer.

Worth Knowing About Greenland:

Greenland, in the north Atlantic ocean between Europe and America, has been a nexus of geopolitical tensions among the U.S., Russia, Canada, Denmark and Norway. All those nations have sought ownership of natural resources near the North Pole.

In 2014, Denmark staked a claim to roughly 900,000 square kilometers of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean based on its geological link to Greenland, according to a survey conducted by Danish authorities.

More recently, China joined the scramble for territory by bidding for two airport construction jobs in Greenland. Last year, Denmark opted for joint funding with Greenland to prevent China getting control.

Greenland, which gets most of its income from fishing and related industries, had a gross domestic product of just over $2.7 billion in 2017, according to its statistics office. The island receives an annual subsidy of about $500 million from Denmark.

(Updates with confirmation of Trump’s interest starting in second paragraph. An earlier version corrected Greenland’s land area.)

--With assistance from Jennifer Jacobs.

To contact the reporters on this story: Christian Wienberg in Copenhagen at cwienberg@bloomberg.net;Morten Buttler in Copenhagen at mbuttler@bloomberg.net

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Tasneem Hanfi Brögger at tbrogger@bloomberg.net, ;Paul Sillitoe at psillitoe@bloomberg.net, Justin Blum, Gregory Mott

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