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In response to ineffective actions by elected representatives and state agencies, the Florida Rights of Nature Network is working to amend Florida’s Constitution so citizens can hold state executive agencies accountable for the failure to protect our waterways, including springs, from further pollution and destruction.
This year, the network formed a political committee and registered an initiative called the Florida Right to Clean and Healthy Waters. We have begun to gather the almost 900,000 petitions required to add this amendment to the 2024 ballot.
Initially, we thought we had a great opportunity to make it onto the ballot and win a strong majority of votes, because Florida voters have consistently approved strong environmental protections and funding for environmental projects.
While researching what needs to be robust fundraising for petition gathering, however, I discovered that a new Florida law — Senate Bill 1890: Campaign Financing, approved by the Legislature and signed by Gov. Ron DeSantis in 2021 — restricts donors who support or oppose constitutional amendments from giving more than $3,000 until that amendment has received enough petition signatures to be placed on the ballot. In our case, we need 891,589 petitions.
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By restricting such donations, the Florida Legislature seeks to actively discourage citizens from participating in political decision-making. For many years, no initiative has made it onto the ballot without paying professional signature collectors to obtain the vast majority of petitions needed to qualify. The only way petition gathering can succeed is through generous gifts to initiative committees.
Further research revealed that the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and three clients for the 2022 election had taken the state to court about this fundraising restriction. A U.S. District Court judge found the law unconstitutional and issued a preliminary injunction blocking the law’s enforcement.
I continued my research and learned from an ACLU staff attorney that, even given the injunction, the law technically still exists and that the injunction applies only to the clients who had challenged the law. The ACLU attorney told me that if the Florida Rights of Nature Network’s political action committee accepted more than $3,000 from one donor, it was unlikely a state attorney would prosecute a case against us since the District Court judge had found the law to be unconstitutional.
The word “unlikely” did not give me confidence. I could see the headlines: “Donor prosecuted for illegal gift to right to clean water initiative.” While we might eventually win in court, the only thing potential donors would remember is that a donor had been prosecuted for giving over $3,000 to our committee.
Four months after the law had been declared unconstitutional, the state of Florida published the $3,000 donation limit in a misleading handbook. The state of Florida never advised citizens of the existence and outcome of the lawsuit.
It may be nearly impossible for any initiative to make it onto the ballot with this unconstitutional law in place. The state Legislature and Gov. DeSantis have chosen to discourage citizens from exercising our rights, thus undermining grassroots democracy (note small “d”) in favor of autocratic, top-down state government control.
But wait, there’s more. In their zeal to restrict donations to initiative committees, the 2022 Florida Legislature passed and the governor signed into law another bill that restricts donations. This time they restricted out-of-state donations to $3,000 only to committees that support initiatives! Out-of-state donors may legally donate as much as they like to committees that oppose an initiative.
ACLU staff members tell me that this law is also unconstitutional but because it rewrites the same statute as the 2021 law, the new law effectively removes limits on the amount of money that in-state donors may give to a committee supporting or opposing an initiative. This confusion will, of course, need to be settled in the courts.
The sad truth is that our legislators and governor don’t like democracy very much. They want the power that the Florida Constitution guarantees to citizens in Article 1, Section 1: “Political power — All political power is inherent in the people. The enunciation herein of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or impair others retained by the people.”
Those in power in Florida and many other states have a single goal in mind: to take away the power of the people, and along with it, our free will.
To find out more about the Florida Right to Clean and Healthy Waters state constitutional amendment effort, including the petition language, how you can sign and how you can help, visit www.floridarighttocleanwater.org
David Moritz is the North Florida director for the Florida Rights of Nature Network and has served as chairman of the Alachua County Environmental Protection Advisory Committee. He enjoys taking photographs of Florida’s natural areas and the wildlife they support. This column is part of The Sun's Messages from the Springs Heartland series.
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This article originally appeared on The Gainesville Sun: David Moritz: Unconstitutional laws hampering fight for clean waters