US Army’s heavy ground robot reaches full-rate production

Jen Judson
·4 min read

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Army’s heavy common ground robot has reached full-rate production, less than a year after FLIR Systems won the contract to deliver the system, the company’s vice president in charge of unmanned ground systems told Defense News in an interview this month.

“We’ve progressed with the U.S. Army through all the milestones on the program and are now at full-rate production on the program. We’re building systems, we’re delivering them, there are systems out at Fort Leonard Wood, [Missouri], right now going through training with troops, and there are more systems in the pipeline to be delivered all the way through next year and further,” Tom Frost said.

“I think what’s remarkable is how quickly the Army was able to run a program to find a very capable, large [explosive ordnance disposal] robot and then get it out to troops as quickly as they did,” he added.

The service award FLIR an other transaction authority contract in November 2019 to provide its Kobra robot to serve as its Common Robotic System-Heavy, or CRS-H. The production contract will run for a period of five years and could be worth up to $109 million.

The Army wanted a system that weighs up to 700 pounds and can carry a variety of sensors and payloads that support various missions.

Under the current order, FLIR is delivering 34 systems. But if all options are exercised in the contract, the firm could deliver about 350 robots.

Part of the reason the Army could move so quickly, Frost said, is because Kobra is a commercial product that has already hit the market. But the system’s strength-to-weight ratio is also a selling point, he added.

“The amount that it can lift with its arm, compared to the total weight of the system, is very impressive. The mobility that it has, even though it’s such a big system and can do such heavy-duty lifting and heavy-duty tasks, is still nimble enough to climb up stairs and to climb into the back of an SUV for transport,” he explained.

The robot can also climb over a Jersey barrier due to a set of flippers on the base.

FLIR made some changes to the system appropriate for military use, Frost said, and worked on small changes based on soldier feedback.

For example, FLIR changed the height of the robot’s camera mast to improve perspective, and made it more robust to survive rollovers. The company also upgraded the camera located on the gripper to have high definition quality.

Meanwhile, the Army and FLIR are pursuing different payloads for CRS-H. The Army required the robot have an open architecture to allow for payloads to easily be integrated. The service is seeking an enhanced robotics payload that would bring in new capabilities to put on top of the CRS-H platform, such as dual-arm manipulation and advanced camera systems.

These payloads will be awarded through separate contracts, Frost said. “We have a lot of technology that applies to those and we will compete,” he said, “but the Army tends to select best-in-class, and because of the open architecture, we can marry those things together and they can be put on our platform.”

Among FLIR’s relevant technology are sensors, artificial intelligence and robotic manipulation, Frost said.

FLIR also provides the Army with a medium-sized unmanned ground vehicle — the Man Transportable Robotic System Increment II. FLIR is delivering the Centaur UGV for that program as well as supplying the Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force with the same capability.

The company announced Monday that the Army, Air Force and Navy have together ordered more than 250 additional Centaur UGVs worth $32 million. Over the past year, FLIR has received roughly $97 million for more than 750 Centaur robots for EOD teams across all services.

The Air Force is interested in a CRS-H capability, according to solicitation posted in October to Beta.Sam.Gov, a federal contracting opportunities website.

The service wants a commercial system to meet EOD requirements that is highly mobile and equipped with a camera system and manipulator arm with a gripper. The robot should be able to operate in all weather, terrain and environments, have a minimum 800-meter, line-of-sight radio range, with a 3-hour runtime that can fit in a Base Response Vehicle or a Bomb Squad Emergency Response Vehicle, according to the solicitation.