US presidential election

SHOTLIST AFP VIDEOGRAPHICS IMAGES: 01:48 - Close-up of the US flag- A winning candidate, balloons falling, supporters cheering, ground shot- Map of the US, zoom out showing ballot boxes- Return to celebrating candidate- A clock superimposed on the US presidential seal. Clock ticks, zoom in- Ballot box with election date in 2020- Map of the US, electors superimposed, zoom out- Map of the US in white, selected states shown in yellow with a red pin- Celebrating candidate appears bottom of screen- Large white question mark, then map of the US- More selected states appear- Close-up of important dates on a tear-off calendar- Return to hall, cheering candidate and supporters- Zoom in on the winning candidate being sworn in, schematic presentation of buildings in background SCRIPT EN:Titre: How the US president is electedHOW THE US PRESIDENT IS ELECTEDJuly 9, 2020 Voters in the United States elect their president by indirect universal suffrage every four years. They vote in each state to select their so-called electors, who make up the 538-strong Electoral College, which then elects the future president. A US presidential election takes place on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November, this time round it will be on November 3, 2020. Each state is attributed a group of electors equivalent to the number representatives it has in Congress. California has 55; small states like Wyoming and the capital Washington DC have just 3, the minimum. In each state the candidate with the most votes wins all the electors up for grabs – except in Maine and Nebraska where there is proportional representation. Under this system, states which are not clearly dominated by either Democrats or Republicans, become electoral battlegrounds known as ‘swing states’, Ohio, and Florida for example. Candidates tend to concentrate their energy on these states when campaigning. On the Monday following the second Wednesday in December, the 538 members of the Electoral College elect the President and Vice-President. The first to secure an absolute majority, 270 votes, wins the election. Then on Inauguration day, January 20, at precisely midday, the elected president takes the oath of 0ffice in front of the Capitol, one hand on the Bible.