Summary List Placement
Myths include sayings such as, "You can't teach an old dog new tricks."
They explain myths around training and owning a dog, calculating a dog's age, and colorblindness.
Following is a transcript of the video.
Ann Hohenhaus: "One human year equals seven dog years." Myth. Myth. We could cut it right there.
Carly Fox: "Certain dog breeds are hypoallergenic because of their fur." This is a major, major myth. "Only male dogs hump."
Hi, I'm Dr. Ann Hohenhaus, I'm the staff veterinarian at the Animal Medical Center here in New York City.
My name is Dr. Carly Fox, and I'm an emergency and critical care staff veterinarian at the Animal Medical Center. Hohenhaus: Today we're debunking dog myths.
Fox: I think, honestly, the majority of male dogs do like to hump, but I guess female dogs also can be seen to exhibit that behavior.
Hohenhaus: But males hump more than females. Fox: Definitely, yeah. But, I mean, I guess female dogs can also hump, I mean, if they're in the mood.
Hohenhaus: Next myth: "Dogs are colorblind." Dogs are partially colorblind. People used to think they were totally colorblind. Dogs have a little bit of ability to see color, and so they see things in kind of blue, yellow, and gray. But they don't see a lot of color.
Fox: "Dogs don't like to be hugged." I mean, biggest myth. Physical touch is one of the things that makes a dog a dog, so I can't imagine that dogs don't like to be hugged. I mean, dogs will literally climb onto your laps in order to be hugged, so this is an absolute myth. You can't and shouldn't just go up to any dog and hug it. Dogs still are different, just like people are. Some people are huggers, some people are not. So some dogs don't love that very direct attention from someone perhaps they don't know, so be sure to ask the owner if you can pet or hug their dog, and read the dog's signs.
Hohenhaus: Next myth: "One human year equals seven dog years." Myth. Myth. We could cut it right there, but there's some really interesting research behind this question. So, the seven years probably comes when people lived to be about 70 and dogs lived to be about 10, so 70 divided by 10 is seven. That's where that number maybe comes from. Nobody knows, it's a myth, so there's no data behind it. Then, a number of years ago, a group of researchers at Purdue University looked at developing a formula for dog age based on the size of the dog and the dog's chronologic age, or how many calendar years it was old. And that formula might actually be the best. This is a myth, but there are ways that you can calculate your dog's age based on a complicated mathematical formula.
Fox: Oh, OK. "You should shave fluffy dogs in the summer." This is mostly a myth. A lot of people will shave their dogs in the summer because they think it will make them cooler. That's not necessarily true. Dogs have adapted to all types of weather, and they actually will shed different coats at different times of the year in order to sort of be comfortable in that weather.
Hohenhaus: I think they don't like to be shaved because they feel naked.
Fox: Yeah, probably. I mean, why wouldn't they? They have no idea. Hohenhaus: Yeah, they've never not had hair before. So I'm not sure that shaving them is always a good thing either, so myth. "Dog saliva can heal wounds." When's the last time you got bitten by a dog?
Fox: Probably, like, last year.
Hohenhaus: And it's ugly. It is not healing wounds; it's making wounds worse. This is a total, total myth. Dog bites are really nothing to laugh about, and most veterinarians get bit on the hand, and so we're always worried because we work with our hands, so any dog bite needs to see a veterinarian because it's a potentially infected injury, and you need to go to your physician to have that bite looked at.
Fox: "Certain dog breeds are hypoallergenic because of their fur." This is a major, major myth. So, all dogs produce allergens, and some dogs will produce more allergens than others. Dogs that don't shed, like poodles, or smaller dogs that shed less are less likely to produce a large amount of allergen that can cause allergies in the environment, and it really has to do with how often they shed or if they shed at all. But definitely all dogs produce allergens, and all dogs could be allergenic, but some dogs will produce less.
Hohenhaus: And now we have a different myth: "You can't teach an old dog new tricks." I think that's an idiom rather than a myth, isn't it? Some famous saying. I think that that is a myth. Training a dog is never easy, and it involves repetition and persistence and rewards in order to successfully train a dog, but I don't think age is the problem. I think we're more of the problem in not sticking with training a dog.
Fox: Yes, they actually did a study about this, and they did the same teaching of a trick to young dogs and old dogs, dogs that were six months to a year and then dogs that were 10 years old. And they actually found out that both sets of dogs can learn a new trick. However, the dogs that were older, it took them twice as long to learn it. So they can learn it, it's just something that requires more time, and that's definitely something that you are going to have to commit to. But it's possible, and they definitely can learn new tricks.
Hohenhaus: "Dogs feel guilt." I think that's humans want the dog to feel guilt for making a mess, chewing the furniture, taking the fringe off the sofa, destroying the pillows, 'cause we want them to be like us. So, I don't think dogs necessarily can really feel guilt, but since they're not talking, it's really hard to know if that's true or not. Fox: Our dogs will display guilt-like behavior when they do something wrong, like, they'll put their ears back, they'll hide, they'll look very guilty. But I think in most cases, that's really a reaction to you and your tone of voice or your anger at them and your body language rather than true guilt.
Hohenhaus: One of the reasons that dogs have been so effective in integrating themselves into our lives, the lives of humans for millennia, is because they are very good at picking up on social cues. Fox: "When dogs wag their tails, it means they're happy." I would say in a lot of times when dogs wag their tails, it seems like they are very happy. However, tail wagging is a behavior in dogs that can mean many different things, not necessarily happiness. Hohenhaus: And I think the wag matters. So you've got a dog whose tail is quivering like this, that is not a happy wag. Think about the Labrador, swish, swish, swish, swish, they're pretty much always happy. And then there's the dog who their tail quivers and then it curls under. That's not a happy wag either. That's a "I'm really upset" wag. So in addition to looking at the ears and the eyes and the body posture, ask yourself, what kind of wag is this dog doing? Because that's gonna give you an indication on the mood of the beast.
Fox: "Human food is bad for dogs." Well, there are very particular types of human food that are definitively bad for dogs. For example, chocolate is obviously bad for dogs. Grapes, raisins are toxic to dogs. Onions, garlic, those things are bad for dogs. However, human food in general is not necessarily bad for dogs. We do wanna always limit the quantity of human food for dogs. I usually tell people less than 10% of their diet should be human food. Just human food in moderation is not bad for dogs.
Hohenhaus: Well, dog food is a good balanced meal for a dog. I interpret it to mean, should I cook for my dog? And that is a bad idea because what we eat is not a balanced diet for a dog. And so home-cooked diets run a huge risk of being deficient in nutrients that are critical for your dog, mostly deficient in calcium phosphorus. So cooking for your dog, unless you've had a diet made by a board-certified veterinary nutritionist, is a bad idea.
"Dog mouths are cleaner than human mouths." No. Human bites are supposedly worse, although we don't see a lot of human bites at the Animal Medical Center. But all of us have been bitten by a dog, and we know that those can get really badly infected. What I've read is that if a human bites another human, it's awful, it's a terrible infection that you get. So, no, I don't know that either is better.
Fox: Dog mouths and human mouths are actually, it's interesting, they're sort of similar. Both humans and dogs have over 200 types of bacteria in their mouth. However, because disease is not really transmissible between dogs and humans, or there's not that much zoonotic potential between dog saliva and human saliva, they're clean in that, you know, making out with your dog, you won't contract the common cold, but making out with a person, perhaps you can. So, in that case, they sort of are cleaner. However, they still have tons and tons of bacteria, just like people mouths do.
Hohenhaus: "Dogs are afraid of their reflection." This is...just no. Just Google "puppies in mirrors," and you'll see that dogs love, they're so enamored of that other dog that they never met before. They're really cute.
Fox:"Dogs can't digest grains." So, this is a major, major myth. Dogs can absolutely digest grains. And not only can they digest grains, but recent research shows that they need grain in their diet. Dogs on a grain-free diet are predisposed to developing a very serious type of heart disease called DCM, or dilated cardiomyopathy. And dogs that are on a grain-inclusive diet are not as likely to develop this heart disease. So if your dog is on a grain-free diet, it absolutely needs grain back in its diet, and you should speak to your veterinarian about doing so.
"Putting a dog's nose in their mess will break a bad habit." This is definitely a myth. I think this is, like, a training method that people introduced a long time ago. However, I think with a lot of research and time we found out that negative reinforcement is very bad for dogs, definitely doesn't correct bad behavior and can actually breed bad behavior, as well as breeding aggressive behavior and fear in our pets, and that's definitely not something that we wanna do. Ideally you should always reward your dog with positive behavior, like treats or playtime or feeding rather than punishing, which is never recommended in dogs.
Hohenhaus: So, we talked about dog myths today. And it turns out there are a lot of myths. In fact, Dr. Fox and I didn't agree with hardly any of the cues that we were given today because most of them are myths. So beware of Dr. Google. Beware of what your friends tell you, or the nice passerby on the street who tells you you're not taking care of your dog the right way. And get an expert opinion when it comes to your dog.
I'll be like David Letterman.
Fox: Yeah. Ready?
Fox: Top 10.
EDITOR'S NOTE: This video was originally published in February 2020.
Read the original article on Business Insider