How do voter ID laws correlate to swing states?

Do voter ID laws target swing states that could decide the 2012 presidential election, as well as congressional elections?

By the numbers, a higher percentage of swing states have passed legislation that requires photo or non-photo IDs at the polls. But fewer laws are currently in effect in the swing states.

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 33 states have enacted voter ID laws in recent years, and three others passed laws that were vetoed by governors.

So the national voter ID average is about 72 percent, for those states that have active laws or have passed provisional laws to make voter ID happen.

The number for the 12 states considered swing or battleground states is 83.3 percent, for those who passed laws.

Voter ID In Swing States

Colorado

Yes

Non-photo

Florida

Yes

Photo ID

Iowa

No

Not passed in legislature

Michigan

Yes

Photo

Minnesota

No

Vetoed by governor

Nevada

No

Not passed in legislature

New Hampshire

Yes

Legislature overrode veto

North Carolina

No

Vetoed by governor

Ohio

Yes

Non-photo

Pennsylvania

Yes

Strict Photo

Virginia

Yes

Non-photo

Wisconsin

No

Law ruled unconstitutional

Among the 12 states, 10 have approved voted ID laws, but four states have been blocked from enacting them. In two states—Minnesota and North Carolina—governors have successfully vetoed the law.

The courts in Wisconsin ruled that state’s voter ID law is unconstitutional, in a decision that is being challenged.

Among swing states, only Iowa and Nevada haven’t passed voter ID laws.

Virginia’s law was approved on Monday by the Justice Department. Colorado also has a voter ID law.

Four big swing states—Florida, Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania—have voter ID laws in effect, although Pennsylvania’s is in the final stages of a legal challenge.

The 12 swing states control the potential margin of victory in the presidential race. The group accounts for 156 electoral votes, out of the 271 electoral votes needed to win the White House.

In the nine states that are considered toss-up elections in the U.S. Senate race, five have voter ID laws; Wisconsin is also in the mix, as its legal case is evaluated.

Currently, the fight for control of the Senate is too close to call, with some projections showing a 50-50 tie in the general election.

Voter ID In Senate Race Swing States

Florida

Yes

Photo ID

Indiana

No

Not passed in legislature

Massachusetts

No

Not passed in legislature

Missouri

Yes

Non-photo

Montana

Yes

Non-photo

Nevada

No

Not passed in legislature

North Dakota

Yes

Non-photo

Virginia

Yes

Non-photo

Wisconsin

No

Law ruled unconstitutional

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