The Week in History for Feb. 19-25

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Feb. 19

1846: The Texas state government was formally installed in Austin, with J. Pinckney Henderson taking the oath of office as governor.

1878: Thomas Edison received a U.S. patent for ''an improvement in phonograph or speaking machines.''

1942: During World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which authorized the U.S. military to exclude people from designated areas. (The order was used to relocate and intern American residents of Japanese ancestry, a majority of whom were native-born U.S. citizens.)

1983: Thirteen people were found shot to death at a gambling club in Seattle's Chinatown in what became known as the Wah Mee Massacre. (Two Chinese immigrants were convicted of the killings and sentenced to life in prison.)

2002: NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft began mapping the Red Planet.

Feb. 20

1792: President George Washington signed an act creating the U.S. Post Office.

1907: President Theodore Roosevelt signed an immigration act which excluded ''idiots, imbeciles, feebleminded persons, epileptics, insane persons'' from being admitted to the United States.

1962: Astronaut John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth as he flew aboard Project Mercury's Friendship 7 spacecraft.

1963: The Aberdeen Chamber of Commerce's annual report said there were 12,041 farms in Brown County, and the average land price was $43.60 an acre.

1973: Gas was 34 cents per gallon at an Aberdeen gas station, which would also pump the gas for customers.

In this April 4, 1996 photo, Ted Kaczynski, better known as the Unabomber, is flanked by federal agents as he is led to a car from the federal courthouse in Helena, Montana. Kaczynski was arrested by federal agents the day before at his remote cabin.
In this April 4, 1996 photo, Ted Kaczynski, better known as the Unabomber, is flanked by federal agents as he is led to a car from the federal courthouse in Helena, Montana. Kaczynski was arrested by federal agents the day before at his remote cabin.

1987: A bomb left by Unabomber Ted Kaczynski exploded behind a computer store in Salt Lake City, seriously injuring store owner Gary Wright.

Feb. 21

1911: Composer Gustav Mahler, despite a fever, conducted the New York Philharmonic at Carnegie Hall in what turned out to be his final concert (he died the following May).

1912: A new phrase entered the American political lexicon as former President Theodore Roosevelt, traveling by train to the Ohio Constitutional Convention, told a reporter in Cleveland, ''My hat is in the ring,'' signaling his intent to challenge President William Howard Taft for the Republican nomination. (After losing the nomination to Taft, Roosevelt then ran as the nominee of the Progressive Party, also known as the Bull Moose Party; the resulting split among Republicans is believed to have led to Democrat Woodrow Wilson's victory in November.)

1912: The Great Fifth Ward Fire broke out in Houston; although property losses topped $3 million, no one was killed in the blaze.

1965: Black Muslim leader and civil rights activist Malcolm X, 39, was shot to death inside the Audubon Ballroom in New York by assassins identified as members of the Nation of Islam.

1975: Northern State's theater department scheduled five performances of “The Music Man” for later in the spring.

1982: Three Aberdeen police officers faced de-certification as the result of alleged marijuana-related activities.

Feb. 22

1924: President Calvin Coolidge delivered the first radio broadcast from the White House as he addressed the country over 42 stations.

1940: The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) was enthroned at age 4 in Lhasa, Tibet.

1959: The inaugural Daytona 500 race was held; although Johnny Beauchamp was initially declared the winner, the victory was later awarded to Lee Petty.

1963: The South Dakota Legislature passed a bill changing the start date of the State Fair to the first Saturday before the first Monday (Labor Day) in September.

1965: Tom Daschle was recently elected president of the senior class at Aberdeen Central High School.

1980: The ''Miracle on Ice'' took place in Lake Placid, N.Y., as the United States Olympic hockey team upset the Soviets, 4-3. (The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal.)

Feb. 23

1685: Composer George Frideric Handel was born in Germany.

1861: President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington to take office, following word of a possible assassination plot in Baltimore.

1927: President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission, forerunner of the Federal Communications Commission.

1945: During World War II, U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi.

1963: The Chamber of Commerce's annual report listed eight daily flights to and from Aberdeen and three fail lines serving the city.

1977: The South Dakota House was planning to debate allowing cancer patients to use the controversial drug laetrile.

Feb. 24

1821: Mexican rebels proclaimed the ''Plan de Iguala,'' their declaration of independence from Spain.

1920: The German Workers Party, which later became the Nazi Party, met in Munich to adopt its platform.

1942: The SS Struma, a charter ship attempting to carry Jewish refugees from Romania to Palestine during World War II, was torpedoed and sunk by a Soviet submarine after being towed and abandoned in the Black Sea by Turkish authorities; all but one of the 769 refugees on board perished.

1965: The Rainbow Ballroom in Britton was open for the season with dances every Saturday night.

1977: The Aberdeen City Commission listened to public concerns about its plan to build a footbridge over Moccasin Creek east of the horseshoe pits.

1981: Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Britain's Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.

Feb. 25

1901: United States Steel Corp. was incorporated by J.P. Morgan.

1950: ''Your Show of Shows,'' starring Sid Caesar, Imogene Coca, Carl Reiner and Howard Morris, debuted on NBC-TV.

1963: The U.S. Supreme Court, in Edwards v. South Carolina, upheld 8-1 the right of civil rights demonstrators to peacefully protest outside the South Carolina State House.

1977: A winter storm dumped 10.5 inches of snow on Aberdeen overnight closing schools and postponing Class B district basketball action for a day.

1982: A bushel of No. 1 spring wheat brought $3.65.

1991: During the Persian Gulf War, 28 Americans were killed when an Iraqi Scud missile hit a U.S. barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

This article originally appeared on Aberdeen News: The Week in History for Feb. 19-25