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1845: Edgar Allan Poe's poem ''The Raven'' was first published in the New York Evening Mirror.
1929: The Seeing Eye, a New Jersey-based school which trains guide dogs to assist the blind, was incorporated by Dorothy Harrison Eustis and Morris Frank.
1936: The first members of baseball's Hall of Fame, including Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth, were named in Cooperstown, N.Y.
1963: Poet Robert Frost died in Boston at age 88.
1990: Former Exxon Valdez skipper Joseph Hazelwood went on trial in Anchorage, Alaska, on charges stemming from the 1989 oil spill. (Hazelwood was acquitted of the major charges, and convicted of a misdemeanor.)
2002: In his first State of the Union address, President George W. Bush said terrorists were still threatening America — and he warned of ''an axis of evil'' consisting of North Korea, Iran and Iraq.
1798: A brawl broke out in the U.S. House of Representatives in Philadelphia, as Matthew Lyon of Vermont spat in the face of Roger Griswold of Connecticut.
1933: Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany.
1933: The first episode of the ''Lone Ranger'' radio program was broadcast on station WXYZ in Detroit.
1948: Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi, 78, was shot and killed in New Delhi by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist. (Godse and a co-conspirator were later executed.)
1965: Aberdeen National Bank planned to move from Main Street to a new building on the corner of South First Street and Fourth Avenue.
1981: An estimated 2 million New Yorkers turned out for a ticker-tape parade honoring the freed American hostages from Iran.
1606: Guy Fawkes, convicted of treason for his part in the ''Gunpowder Plot'' against the English Parliament and King James I, was executed.
1945: Pvt. Eddie Slovik, 24, became the first U.S. soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion as he was shot by an American firing squad in France.
1961: The Central Building at Northern State Teacher's College was destroyed by fire. Flames were visible for several miles. Early damage estimates were $1.5 million.
1961: NASA launched Ham the Chimp aboard a Mercury-Redstone rocket from Cape Canaveral; Ham was recovered safely from the Atlantic Ocean following his 16-minute suborbital flight.
1985: State Sen. Dave Lausten of Aberdeen created the “Golden Turkey Award” to honor the “dumbest” bill introduced in the legislative session.
2000: An Alaska Airlines jet spiraled into the Pacific Ocean off Port Hueneme, Calif., killing all 88 people aboard.
1862: ''The Battle Hymn of the Republic,'' a poem by Julia Ward Howe, was published in the Atlantic Monthly.
1922: In one of Hollywood's most enduring mysteries, movie director William Desmond Taylor was shot to death in his Los Angeles home; the killing has never been solved.
1960: Four Black college students began a sit-in protest at a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., where they'd been refused service.
1961: Former South Dakota Congressman George McGovern headed the nation's Food for Peace program. He was also assigned to the Kennedy White House to oversee foreign use of American food and agricultural products.
1971: Fifty-seven percent of South Dakota businesses polled in a national survey favored legislation to ban the “no deposit, no return” soft drink and beer containers.
2003: The space shuttle Columbia broke up during re-entry, killing all seven of its crew members.
1887: Punxsutawney, Pa., had its first Groundhog Day festival.
1922: The James Joyce novel ''Ulysses'' was published in Paris by Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare and Co. on Joyce's 40th birthday.
1942: A Los Angeles Times column by W.H. Anderson urged security measures against Japanese-Americans, arguing that a Japanese-American ''almost inevitably ... grows up to be a Japanese, not an American.''
1961: Aberdeen Central Eagle Tom Malchow held the Eastern South Dakota Conference scoring lead with 170 points.
1968: The Aberdeen United Way Campaign surpassed the $100,000 mark for the first time.
2002: Jim Kelly of the Buffalo Bills and Pittsburgh Steelers star John Stallworth were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
1865: President Abraham Lincoln and Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens held a shipboard peace conference off the Virginia coast; the talks deadlocked over the issue of Southern autonomy.
1943: During World War II, the U.S. transport ship Dorchester, which was carrying troops to Greenland, sank after being hit by a German torpedo; of the more than 900 men aboard, only some 230 survived.
1957: The Brentford School Board hosted a meeting to discuss school district reorganization plans.
1959: Rock 'n' roll stars Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.P. ''The Big Bopper'' Richardson died in a small plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa.
1968: The 43rd session of the South Dakota state Legislature was in its final week. The previous week the House rejected a bill to repeal the death penalty in the state.
1971: New York City police officer Frank Serpico, who had charged there was widespread corruption in the NYPD, was shot and seriously wounded during a drug bust in Brooklyn.
1789: Electors chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States.
1913: Rosa Parks, a black woman whose 1955 refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus to a white man sparked a civil rights revolution, was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Ala.
1938: Walt Disney's animated feature ''Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs'' opened in general U.S. release.
1962: Aberdeen PTA membership reached a record 2,232 during the past school year.
1971: Aberdeen Mayor William Hauck addressed questions from the public about the proposed one-cent sales tax increase that Aberdeen was voting on the next week.
1974: Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was kidnapped in Berkeley, Calif., by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
1983: Pop singer-musician Karen Carpenter died in Downey, Calif., at age 32.
This article originally appeared on Aberdeen News: The Week in History for Jan. 29-Feb 4